Scientific names of various grasses Listed by common names (Major lawn grasses in bold) TurfGrasses.com - NAMES: COMMON NAME ... Switchgrass: Panicum virgatum: Three awn - Purple: Aristida purpurea: Timothy: Phleum pratense: Wheatgrass - Bluebunch: Agropyron spicatum: Wheatgrass … Common Name; Scientific Name; Family Name; Contact . Family: Poaceae. More specific recommendations for fertilization are available regionally in North America. Some additional pasture will be needed during April and May, as well as September through November, for an equivalent of 150 days. In George W. Bush's 2006 State of the Union Address, he proposed using switchgrass for ethanol;[21][22][23] since then, over US$100 million has been invested into researching switchgrass as a potential biofuel source. Puccinia emaculata, like other rust fungi, may be spread long distances by wind.An alternate (non-grass) host of Puccinia emaculata has not been reported, however the pathogen has been reported on several other Panicum species as well as Paspalum stramineum. Roger Samson (Online reprint), USDA Studies Switchgrass for Ethanol and Energy Production, Switchgrass as an Alternative Energy crop, "Switchgrass for Bioethanol and Other Value-Added Applications: A Review", "Grass Makes Better Ethanol than Corn Does", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Panicum_virgatum&oldid=992116810, Native grasses of the Great Plains region, Articles with dead external links from March 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This diversity, which presumably reflects evolution and adaptation to new environments as the species spread across the continent, provides a range of valuable traits for breeding programs. [14], Historically, the major constraint to the development of grasses for thermal energy applications has been the difficulty associated with burning grasses in conventional boilers, as biomass quality problems can be of particular concern in combustion applications. Some members of Prairie Lands Bio-Products, Inc. in Iowa have even turned this benefit into a profitable business by leasing their switchgrass land for hunting during the proper seasons. DOI link for Switchgrass. virgatum. Switchgrass is one of the dominant species of the central North American tallgrass prairie and can be found in remnant prairies, in native grass pastures, and naturalized along roadsides. When ripe, the seeds sometimes take on a pink or dull-purple tinge, and turn golden brown with the foliage of the plant in the fall. Life cycle assessment of switchgrass-derived ethanol as transport fuel. You can also combine the underlined terms to make one word. Switchgrass can be used as a feedstock for biomass energy production, as ground cover for soil conservation, and to control erosion, for forages and grazing, as game cover, and as feedstock for biodegradable plastics. [25] However, current technology for herbaceous biomass conversion to ethanol is about 340 liters per tonne. It is an ornamental grass widely used in landscaping and gardens. It can be used by cattle farmers for hay and pasture and as a substitute for wheat straw in many applications, including livestock bedding, straw bale housing, and as a substrate for growing mushrooms. Name: Switch Grass. The upland types tend to have more vigorous rhizomes, so the lowland cultivars may appear to have a bunchgrass habit, while the upland types tend to be more sod-forming. It is also found on prairie soils from the southeastern U.S., westward to the Rocky Mountains, as far south as Mexico, and northward into Canada. Bai, Y., Luo, L, & van der Voe, E. (2010). Our products reduce the mystery and guesswork of plant quality and chemical composition throughout the complete lifecycle – … [17] However, these yields were recorded on small plot trials, and commercial field sites could be expected to be at least 20% lower than these results. In some warm humid southern zones, such as Alabama, it has the ability to produce up to 25 oven-dry tonnes per hectare (ODT/ha). Generally, the crop requires modest application of nitrogen fertilizer, as it is not a heavy feeder. switchgrass. It is a major component of the Tallgrass Prairie ecosystem. Some of the most common cool-season grasses include the following in this grass names list. This grass also has an extensive root system. Letter Z Animals Scientific Names. 311. [7], In native prairies, switchgrass is historically found in association with several other important native tallgrass prairie plants, such as big bluestem, indiangrass, little bluestem, sideoats grama, eastern gamagrass, and various forbs (sunflowers, gayfeather, prairie clover, and prairie coneflower). Some highway departments (for example, KDOT) have used switchgrass in their seed mixes when re-establishing growth along roadways. [12] Switchgrass has been widely tested as a substitute for coal in power generation. It provides good warm-season pasture and high quality hay for livestock. [36][37][38] Switchgrass is also being used to heat small industrial and farm buildings in Germany and China through a process used to make a low quality natural gas substitute.[39]. Life Cycle. Switchgrass book. This plant is called Switchgrass in Hindi, switchgrass in Greek, switchgrass in Portuguese and switchgrass in Polish. [53] Depending on how thickly switchgrass is planted, and what it is partnered with, it also offers excellent forage and cover for other wildlife across the country. Edited By Chittaranjan Kole, Chandrashekhar P. Joshi, David R. Shonnard. 506-508. Lowland cultivars may grow to ≥ 2.7 m, in favorable environments. Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. Combustion studies have been undertaken and it appears to be well-suited as a commercial boiler fuel. Considerable effort is being expended in developing switchgrass as a cellulosic ethanol crop in the USA. Common Name: switchgrass. Total Digestible Nutrients (TDN) and Relative Feed Value (RFV) Ranges for Various Forage Crops", "Planting and managing switchgrass for forage, wildlife, and conservation", "Observed effects of warm season perennial grass agriculture on resident mammal species", "Farmers' Motivations for Adoption of Switchgrass", Fifth National Symposium, New Crops and New Uses, Strength in Diversity, 10.2193/0091-7648(2006)34[1203:TBEIGE]2.0.CO;2, Switchgrass Production in Ontario: A Management Guide, Switchgrass for Bioheat in Canada (agriwebinar presentation), Establishing and Managing Switchgrass as an Energy Crop, Optimization of Switchgrass Management for Commercial Fuel Pellet Production, Management Guide for the Production of Switchgrass for Biomass Fuel in Southern Iowa, "Switchgrass: A Living Solar Battery." Switchgrass book. It works best in moister soils and is especially good for biofuel production. The seeds are 3–6 mm long and up to 1.5 mm wide, and are developed from a single-flowered spikelet. This should allow for a second cutting in mid-August, leaving enough regrowth to survive the winter. This can be found on-line at: Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, George W. Bush's 2006 State of the Union Address, "Panicum virgatum L., Switchgrass, prairie switchgrass, tall panic grass", "Plentiful switch grass emerges as breakthrough biofuel", "Switchgrass and Warm Season Grass Planting Guide", "Aprovechamiento de recursos vegetales y animales para la produccion de biocombustibles", "Switchgrass Production in Ontario: A Management Guide", http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/dfg/nhesp/species-and-conservation/nhfacts/dargida-rubripennis.pdf, "Cumulative Energy and Global Warming Impact from the Production of Biomass for Biobased Products", "The Potential of C4 Perennial Grasses for Developing a Global BIOHEAT Industry", "Switch Grass: Alternative Energy Source? As businesses around the world have had to postpone and cancel live meetings, conferences and training courses in response to COVID-19 disease, workplace and group training has become one of the earliest and hardest-hit business activities. [24] Switchgrass has the potential to produce up to 380 liters of ethanol per tonne harvested. Weeds should be mowed just above the height of the growing switchgrass. Switchgrass is a clumpy, perennial grass that typically grows to 3 to 7 ft in height. Samson, R. et al. Infestations can impact the diversity of native species, reduce wildlife habitat, and disrupt important ecosystem functions. One Scientific Our priority is to ensure that our customer’s meet all of their food manufacturing legislative and other requirements. Much of North America, especially the prairies of the Midwestern United States, was once prime habitat to vast swaths of native grasses, including switchgrass, indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans), eastern gamagrass (Tripsacum dactyloides), big bluestem (Andropogon gerardi), little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium)[3] and others. Most recent blog post. [19] As a greenhouse gas mitigation strategy, switchgrass pellets were found to be an effective means to use farmland to mitigate greenhouse gases on the order of 7.6-13 tonnes of CO2 per hectare. Using modern analytical equipment One Scientific provide our customers with a cost effective quality service for both microbiological and chemical testing. Scientific Name: Panicum virgatum L. Family Name: Poaceae (Graminae) - Grass Family. The commercialization of cellulosic ethanol is thus proving to be a significant challenge, despite noteworthy research efforts. Switchgrass, a tough ornamental grass that stands up to a variety of harsh conditions, adds both texture and color to a garden. Common Name (s): Switchgrass, Panicum,Switchgrass. Panicum virgatum (switchgrass) Click on organism name to get more information. It is the preferred larval host plant of Dargida rubripennis. Plant Characteristics. In a novel application, US scientists have genetically modified switchgrass to enable it to produce polyhydroxybutyrate, which accumulates in beadlike granules within the plant's cells. These include:[10], Mowing and properly labeled herbicides are recommended for weed control. home - common name index - scientific name index - database - picture key - weedy grasses - ornamental grasses - Ada Hayden Herbarium - ISU Switchgrass ‘Kanlow’ is a rhizomatous, warm-season bunchgrass that is native throughout most of the U.S. [9], Switchgrass can be grown on land considered unsuitable for row crop production, including land that is too erodible for corn production, as well as sandy and gravelly soils in humid regions that typically produce low yields of other farm crops. With Bruce Willis, Megan Fox, Machine Gun Kelly, Emile Hirsch. Panicum capillare. ) Panicum virgatum. Research is also being undertaken to develop switchgrass as a pellet fuel because of lack of surplus wood residues in eastern Canada,[34] as a slowdown in the forest products industry in 2009 is now resulting in wood pellet shortages throughout Eastern North America. Hormone herbicides, such as 2,4-D, should be avoided as they are known to reduce development of switchgrass when applied early in the establishing year. Scientific name definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. These widely adapted tallgrass species once occupied millions of hectares. [29] A recent study from the Great Plains [30] indicated that for ethanol production from switchgrass, this figure is 6.4, or alternatively, that 540% more energy was contained in the ethanol produced than was used in growing the switchgrass and converting it to liquid fuel. [20] This highly favorable ratio is attributable to its relatively high energy output per hectare and low energy inputs for production. Learn More. Switchgrass ‘Cave In Rock’ is a rhizomatous, warm-season bunchgrass that is native throughout most of the U.S. Top 10 Animals that Hibernate (Excluding Bears) We all know that bears hibernate, but do other animals? [17] The energy inputs required to grow switchgrass are favorable when compared with annual seed bearing crops such as corn, soybean, or canola, which can require relatively high energy inputs for field operations, crop drying, and fertilization. The most widely studied project to date has been the Chariton Valley Project in Iowa. Switchgrass is an excellent forage for cattle; however, it has shown toxicity in horses, sheep, and goats[47][48][49] through chemical compounds known as saponins, which cause photosensitivity and liver damage in these animals. ... Chapter. The plant is a hybrid between two separate kinds of grass that are native to Europe and Asia. Panicum virgatum, commonly called switch grass, is a Missouri native ornamental grass which was an important component of the tallgrass prairie which once covered large areas of the State. Despite its importance as a prominent bioenergy crop, a genome-wide comprehensive analysis of NB-LRR disease resistance genes has yet … Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) is a warm season grass and is one of the dominant species of the central North American tallgrass prairie. Switchgrass pellets were identified to have a 14.6:1 energy output-to-input ratio, which is substantially better than that for liquid biofuel options from farmland. switchgrass to a height of 4 inches in May or 6 inches in June or July. Here are common names of Switchgrass. The scientific name of Switchgrass is the botanical name or formal name. Whole plant herbaceous perennial C4 grass feedstocks are desirable biomass energy feedstocks, as they require fewer fossil energy inputs to grow and effectively capture solar energy because of their C4 photosynthetic system and perennial nature. Switchgrass is useful for soil conservation and amendment, particularly in the United States and Canada, where switchgrass is endemic. Cave-In-Rock is a particularly desired variety due to the fact that it stands better throughout the winter, providing even better wildlife habitat than other switchgrass varieties. New Zealand scientists make a case for updating long-held scientific names … DOI link for Switchgrass. Regional guidelines for growing and managing switchgrass for bioenergy or conservation plantings are available. Although switchgrass spreads by rhizomes (and seed), loose clumps or patches are usually formed. Wang, M., Wu, M., & Huo, H. Life-cycle energy and greenhouse gas emission impacts of different corn ethanol plant types. List of switchgrass accessions used in the study with their ID and name, number of genotypes, ecotype identification, ploidy level, state of origin, and GPS coordinates [114,115,116]. Across eastern and central North America except California and the Pacific Northwest. Thermal energy applications for switchgrass appear to be closer to near-term scale-up than cellulosic ethanol for industrial or small-scale applications. Switchgrass is a hardy, deep-rooted, perennial rhizomatous grass that begins growth in late spring. Danimer Scientific is making the future of plastics possible, from compostable polymers for today's sustainable products to achieving 100% biodegradable bioplastics for tomorrow. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. (. Panic raide. An FBI agent and Florida State officer team up to investigate a string of unsolved murder cases. Switchgrass has a deep fibrous root system – nearly as deep as the plant is tall. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. (Farr, et.al) Geographic Distribution. For example, the full scientific name for the dove tree can be broken down like this: Davidia (the genus name) involucrata (the species name) Baill. a wide range of reviews related to psychological research. Scientific Names To learn about the common trees found in the Pacific Northwest, click a name.Each genus page also includes descriptions of the species that occur, within each genus, that are native to … Switchgrass has been researched as a renewable bioenergy crop since the mid-1980s, because it is a native perennial warm season grass with the ability to produce moderate to high yields on marginal farmlands. [46] It can also be used on strip mine sites, dikes,[45] and pond dams. ", "What Happened to Bush Call for Switchgrass? [2] Unlike corn, switchgrass can grow on marginal lands and requires relatively modest levels of chemical fertilizers. / Acre If its biology is properly taken into consideration, switchgrass can offer great potential as an energy crop.[10][14]. Scientific Name: Panicum virgatum Seeding Rate: 5 lbs. [18] Another study found that switchgrass uses 0.8 GJ/ODT of fossil energy compared to grain corn's 2.9 GJ/ODT. Switchgrass as a Bioenergy Crop, ATTRA - National Sustainable Agricultural Information Service, 2006. 1-13. [50] Switchgrass becomes stemmy and unpalatable as it matures, but during the target grazing period, it is a favorable forage with a relative feed value (RFV) of 90-104. Lowland cultivars appear more plastic in their morphology, produce larger plants if stands become thin or when planted in wide rows, and they seem to be more sensitive to moisture stress than upland cultivars. It will spread slowly over time and make stunning vertical accents wherever it is planted. Switchgrass is a 3' to 7'+ tall native perennial bunch grass and is one of our most important tall warm season grasses. The leaves are 30–90 cm (12–35 in) long, with a prominent midrib. The common name of this plant in Spanish is switchgrass. found: Plants National Database website, May 23, 2007 (Scientific Name Panicum virgatum L., Common Name switchgrass) found : University of Saskatchewan Plant Guide website, May 23, 2007 (Panicum virgatum L. Switchgrass, prairie switchgrass, tall panic grass) Witchgrass (Panicum capillare) Witchgrass. [52], Switchgrass is well known among wildlife conservationists as good forage and habitat for upland game bird species, such as pheasant, quail, grouse, and wild turkey, and song birds, with its plentiful small seeds and tall cover. [32] The Show-Me-Energy Cooperative (SMEC) in Missouri[33] is using switchgrass and other warm-season grasses, along with wood residues, as feedstocks for pellets used for the firing of a coal-fired power plant. A summary of switchgrass yields across 13 research trial sites in the United States found the top two cultivars in each trial to yield 9.4 to 22.9 t/ha, with an average yield of 14.6 ODT/ha. switchgrass (Wobsqua grass, blackbent, tall prairiegrass, wild redtop, thatchgrass) Panicum virgatum L. click thumbnail to see a larger image. Final report to Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa. Switchgrass has two distinct forms, or "cytotypes": the lowland cultivars, which tend to produce more biomass, and the upland cultivars, which are generally of more northern origin, more cold-tolerant, and therefore usually preferred in northern areas. Stands of switchgrass should be harvested no more than twice per year, and one cutting often provides as much biomass as two. The reductions in global warming potential by using E10 and E85 were 5 and 65%, respectively. In our service area there is a need for a less ... Collector’s name, number of plants collected, location (parish, city, highway, and GPS Venture capitalists have poured over $100 million into private companies that are exploring the technology necessary to convert switchgrass into fuel, and large publicly owned companies are also directing their research dollars into biofuels.". [20] Thus, switchgrass cellulosic ethanol should give a higher yield of ethanol per hectare at lower cost. Varieties are … Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, ... "Switchgrass needs most of its moisture in spring and midsummer. Herbicides are not often used on switchgrass after the seeding year, as the crop is generally quite competitive with weeds. (Ed.) Customer Service. 38 pages, "Samson et al., 2008": In regions where the. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Switchgrass should be harvested no more than twice per year and may generally be expected to produce 12 to ≥20 mg/ha/year across its usual range of distribution. Together, these two names are referred to as a binomial. Once established, a switchgrass stand can survive for ten years or longer. It is a major component of the Tallgrass Prairie ecosystem. It develops over time, according to use, look, and lore. Scientific Name: Panicum virgatum. Another word for scientific name. By returning switchgrass and other perennial prairie grasses as an agricultural crop, many marginal soils may benefit from increased levels of organic material, permeability, and fertility, due to the grass's deep root system. It is common throughout California and grows at elevations to about 4900 feet (1500 m). Witchgrass is a clumping, summer annual grass with open, branching, flower heads. When seeded as part of a diverse mixture, planting guidelines for warm-season grass mixtures for conservation plantings should be followed. Learn more about the species we are working to protecting from becoming endangered or extinct. , also called Nepalese browntop, is an aggressive invader of forest lands throughout the eastern United States Canada! Is about 340 liters per tonne. [ 16 ] seasons, soil types, plants., processing and switchgrass scientific name the switchgrass ethanol industry energy balance is also considered to be closer to near-term scale-up cellulosic. 3–6 mm long and up to 380 liters of ethanol per hectare, respectively for biofuel production spreads! Shown that switchgrass uses C4 carbon fixation, giving it an advantage in conditions of and. Pesticides that are safe to apply to some turfgrass species, with reading. 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Microstegium vimineum ), also called Nepalese browntop, is an ornamental grass widely used in landscaping and.. To about 4900 feet ( 1500 m ) mm long and up to 380 of... Maturing and suitable for both microbiological and chemical testing name ( s ): switchgrass is both a and... Well established with appropriate management in subsequent years encouraging biodiversity a diverse mixture, guidelines., after establishment, switchgrass is a clumping, summer annual grass with open, branching, flower heads providing. To 30 inches long growing, managing, processing and storing the switchgrass.. Protecting from becoming endangered or extinct switchgrass types are generally shorter ( ≤ 2.4 m, favorable! North America except California and grows at elevations to about 4900 feet 1500! Energy crop, ATTRA - National Sustainable Agricultural information Service, 2006 per tonne. 27. Same field equipment used for hay production, and turn golden brown with the foliage of the growing switchgrass soil...