Western Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum aleuticum. Oregon Ash USDA FRLA: Cowlitz Fiber, Canoe Material Wood used to make canoe paddles. as a medicine and stimulant that is distinct from the well-documented customs of the Northwest Amazon and the Andean highlands. Meyer, Joseph E. (1918) (Revised 1970) The Herbalist, Meyer Books Publishing; Moerman, Daniel E.(1998) Native American Ethnobotany, Timber Press, Portland and London Distribution: Oregon Ash is found from the southern coast of British Columbia, west of the Cascades in Washington and Oregon, to the coast ranges and Sierra Nevadas of California. The foliage is food for butterfly larvae and may be consumed by passing browsers. Wetland Designation: FACW, Facultative wetland, it usually occurs in wetlands but occasionally occurs in non-wetlands. Notable feature: yellow leaves during fall. Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics (STEM), Center on Reinventing Public Education (CRPE), http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Fraxinus+latifolia, http://nativeplantspnw.com/oregon-ash-fraxinus-latifolia, http://owic.oregonstate.edu/oregon-ash-fraxinus-latifolia, https://www.srs.fs.usda.gov/pubs/misc/ag_654/volume_2/fraxinus/latifolia.htm, http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Fraxinus%20latifolia, Distribution:  Pacific Coast, California to British Columbia, mostly south-west washington, Habitat:  fertile moist soils near rivers and lakes, wetlands, and prairies. The root system of ash is moderately shallow, … To learn about the ethnobotany of the land you live in or when visiting new land I recommend seeking out tribal cultural centers, natural history and history museums of all sizes, and to visit natural areas and park interpretive centers. Use by wildlife: The winged seeds of Oregon Ash are eaten by a birds and small mammals. Chumash Ethnobotany: Plant Knowledge Among the Chumash People of Southern California (Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History Monographs) [Timbrook, Jan, Chapman, Chris] on Amazon.com. in British Columbia Whitebark Pine ( Pinus albicaulis Engelm.) Fraxinus latifolia, the Oregon ash, is a member of the ash genus Fraxinus, native to western North America. Summer 2017 LWC Mission: Luckiamute Watershed Council To engage and assist landowners and commu-nities in the voluntary protection, restoration and enhancement of the Luckiamute and Ash Creek watersheds. Davis EW. Oregon ash prefers damp, loose soils, and grows from sea level to 900 meters. Ethnobotany Oregon Ash is commonly used as firewood because it splits easily and has a high heat value. The straw coloured to light-brown Wood, lacks a clearly defined heartwood and sapwood. Open-grown trees have broad, rounded crowns with large limbs on short boles. Use by wildlife: The winged seeds of Oregon Ash are eaten by a birds and small mammals. Fruits develop into hanging dried samara. It is susceptible to insect attack. Oregon ash is an abundant tree in the western United States and was valued by local tribes for a variety of functions including timber, fuel, medicine and basketry. Ethnobotany is a study of interactions between local communities and their natural environment, especially regarding the use of plants in everyday life (Martin 1995). *All photographs on this site were taken by Dana, Edmund or Sky Bressette unless otherwise noted. Founded in 1996 by Ann Lennartz, Starflower Foundation assisted with the creation, rehabilitation, and stewardship of Pacific Northwest native plant communities in Seattle, Washington, by supporting citizen-driven restoration and education projects.Having met the founder’s expectations, Starflower Foundation ceased operations in December 2007. Oregon Ash is commonly used as firewood because it splits easily and has a high heat value. Ethnobotany- the study of people’s classification, management and use of plants- is an endeavour ... [Show full abstract] which attracts people from various academic disciplines. The wood is hard and strong and used in furniture, panelling, flooring, pallets, and wood crates. WTU Herbarium Image Collection, Plants of Washington, Burke Museum, E-Flora BC, Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia, Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn. It also makes good firewood. It has a non-aggressive root syste… Your Rivers. The Long History of Oregon White Ash (Fraxinus latifolia Benth.) Size, Longevity, and Form Mature Oregon ash attain heights of 60 to 80 ft and DBH of 16 to 30 in. J Ethnopharmacol. Knowledge and use of Indigenous plants by Native Americans, University of Washington Press. The present work is the first study on ethnobotanical uses of 124 MPs species used by the local tribal communities of Jazan province in the Southwest of Saudi Arabia. It is the only ash native to the Pacific Northwest. Bark ash rubbed on chest of baby as protection from rashes and mouth sores. (1945) (Revised 1973) Ethnobotany of Western Washington. It forms an attractive shape, tolerates saturated soils, and shades waterways. The ethnobotany of chamairo: Mussatia hyacinthina. In the Landscape: Oregon Ash is perhaps my least favorite of our native trees. In 1994, the Willamette National Forest acquired a 14-acre parcel of fallowed ranchland that hardly resembled a native wetland prairie. Flower/Fruits:  small and appear before the leaves. Samaras ripen: August-September. Names: Latifolia means “wide leaves.”  Oregon Ash has wider leaflets than most Ashes. XIII Nos. Oregon. Native American Ethnobotany Publication Author Moerman. Oregon Ash typically grows on lakesides and in floodplains. Otherwise they require a cool, moist stratification at 40ºF (4ºC) for 90 days. 1983 Dec;9(2-3):225-36. Oregon ash is an ideal deciduous tree to plant along streams, seeps, and wet areas. For more information on the ashes native to the Pacific Northwest, go to the species page or see "Trees to Know in Oregon". Revised edition, page 45 Fraxinus latifolia Benth. Ethnobotany is the study of how people of a particular culture and region make use of indigenous (native) plants. Ash grows primarily along the creeks and in the wet and marshy areas of the valley. It is a dominant tree in local forested wetlands, paired with an understory of spiraea and slough sedge. It is used in restoration projects establishing quickly in moist areas like the edges of wetlands. D. Publisher Timber Press. Phenology: Bloom Period: March-May. Thus the ubiquitous names like “Ash Creek” and “Ash Swale” that are common throughout the Willamette Valley. Ancient Science of Life, Vol No. Chumash Ethnobotany: Plant Knowledge Among the Chumash People of Southern California (Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History Monographs) It usually grows to 60 to 90 feet tall with a 2 to 3 foot trunk diameter, but it can reach … Leaves: Leaves are compound, comprised of 5-7 leaflets, oppositely arranged. About 16 species occur in North America. 1 & 2, July-October 1993, Pages 40 - 56 STUDIES ON THE METHOD – ETHNOBOTANY OF CALOTROPIS GIGANTEA AND C.PROCERA MALAYA K. MISRA, MANOJ K. MOHANTY1 and PRADEEP K DAS Ecology and Floristics Laboratory, Department of Botany, Berhampur University, Berhampur – 760 007, Orissa. Leaves provide a useful fodder during droughts. Use by people: Natives used Oregon Ash wood for canoe paddles and digging sticks. Native Americans used the tree to build tools like axe handles, canoe paddles, and tobacco pipes. Many native peoples also use plants in ceremonial or spiritual rituals. Propagation: Seeds are best collected slightly green before fully dry on the tree and sown immediately outside or in a cold frame. Turner, Nancy Chapman and Marcus A. M. Bell, 1973, The Ethnobotany of the Southern Kwakiutl Indians of British Columbia, Economic Botany 27:257-310, page 290 … Plants can be grown from seeds or from truncheons and grow about 1m per year. It also makes good firewood. Welcome to the website for the Oregon Chapter of ASHRAE®, the American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air-Conditioning Engineers. Unlike its Willow and Cottonwood neighbors in the riparian areas, Oregon Ash has a mind of its own and does not restrict itself to wet areas. Gunther, Erna. Oregon ash, a member of the olive family (Oleaceae), is one of 16 species of ash in the United States. Your Watershed. They range between green and reddish-orange. Plants provide food, medicine, shelter, dyes, fibers, oils, resins, gums, soaps, waxes, latex, tannins, and even contribute to the air we breathe. discovered on Mount Ashland, Jackson County, Oregon Introduced Slugs are Damaging Threatened Orchid in New Hampshire Year 1998 ISBN 0-88192-453-9 Description Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. **Use of articles and photos on this site is permitted for educational purposes only. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a … It grows from sea level to 210 meters (690 ft) altitude in the northern part of its range, and at 300 to 1,800 meters (980 to 5,910 ft) in the south of the range in California. Local people consume the larvae of the emperor moth Bunea alcinoe. Habitat: This tree grows in moist to wet soils near streams, lakes and in flood plains. Oregon Ash USDA FRLA: Cowlitz Drug, Anthelmintic Infusion of bark taken for worms. Seeds start forming after the tree is around 30 years old and are dispersed by the wind. Food, medicine, shelter, clothing, tools, and right livelihood This article was written by Sarah Verlinde. Native Americans used the tree to build tools like axe handles, canoe paddles, and tobacco pipes. The trees are commonly used as an ornamental tree in PNW cities. Native Americans used the tree to build tools like axe handles, canoe paddles, and tobacco pipes. Distribution of Oregon Ash from USGS (“Atlas of United States Trees” by Elbert L. Little, Jr.) Distribution: Oregon Ash is found from the southern coast of British Columbia, west of the Cascades in Washington and Oregon, to the coast ranges and Sierra Nevadas of California. Oregon Ash This native tree does well in wet, low-lying areas. Diagnostic Characters: Oregon Ash is our only tree with compound leaves, making it easy to identify. An infusion of the bark was used as a wash to treat itching skin and to treat swollen joints. The new growth is susceptible to aphids. Growth: Oregon Ash grows to about 75 feet (25m). A reoccurring revelation breaks on me anew nearly every time I spend an appreciable amount of time in the forest; one that renders me mute and pondering in stunned silence: the forest provides everything we need to sustain our lives. The meadow was full of invasive weeds such as European blackberry, Scotch broom, and Queen Anne’s-lace, and Oregon ash trees were colonizing it. Birds and small animals also eat their winged seeds. MI-Recommended Alternatives to Ash Trees (FRLA) MI-Southeast Michigan RC (FRLA) MI-www.EmeraldAshBorer.info (FRLA) OH-Ash Alert (OSU) (FRLA) USDA APHIS-Emerald Ash Borer (FRLA) USDA FS Forest Health Protection (FRLA) USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (FRLA) USDA NRCS National Ash Tree Seed Collection Initiative (FRLA) What we are: Distribution of Oregon Ash from USGS ( “Atlas of United States Trees” by Elbert L. Little, Jr. ). California rock parsnip, Lomatium californicum, is a perennial herb of California and Oregon which grows in partial shade on low elevation mountains and hillsides. In Memory of Ann Lennartz. The seeds are single samaras, like a half of a maple seed, with long (3-5cm) wings, borne in large, drooping clusters. Chestnut (1906) describes the Yuki in Round Valley, California using the wood for fuel and it being valuable because it … 1. The oppositely arranged, pinnately compound leaves have 5-7 leaflets. Relationships: There are about 65 species of Ashes, mostly in the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere. The pulverized fresh roots of the Oregon ash (Fraxinus oregona) were used to treat the wounds suffered as a result of a clash between a bear and an Indian as related in the following story: One old Indian related a story about a bear fight which he had seen his father, a very powerful man, engage in … INSECTICIDES AND INSECT REPELLANTS . Ethnobotany Oregon Ash is commonly used as firewood because it splits easily and has a high heat value. It is commonly known as the Oregon white oak or Oregon oak in the United States and as the Garry oak in Canada. As a study of how people use plants there are many ways to get into ethnobotany. Today the hard wood is used for tool handles, furniture, sports equipment, and barrels. The wood is hard and strong and used in furniture, panelling, flooring, pallets, and wood crates. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Today the hard wood is used for tool handles, furniture, sports equipment, and barrels. Recent fieldwork in the eastern lowlands of Bolivia and Peru has revealed a traditional use of coca (Erythroxylum coca Lam.) It grows quickly for the first 80 years, then more slowly—living to about 250 years. Your Community. Cured wood is used for making furniture, panelling, broom handles and boat building. In forest stands, Oregon ash develop short, narrow crowns with small branches on long, straight boles. Oregon Ash                                                                                        The Olive Family–Oleaceae. Use by people: Natives used Oregon Ash wood for canoe paddles and digging sticks. For a long time, the people of Saudi Arabia have been using medicinal plants (MPs) as conventional medicine to heal diverse human and livestock diseases. It is, however, useful for revegetating wet areas that are flooded periodically. Autumn is its most aesthetic season, when female trees produce attractive seed clusters, followed by bright yellow fall foliage. Only one is native to this state, Oregon ash, although others are planted ornamentally, especially for their bright red fall foliage. Ash may live at least 250 years. The wood is hard and strong and used in furniture, panelling, flooring, pallets, and wood crates. ethnobotany Lomatium californicum. The Ohlone Peoples: Botanical, Animal and Mineral Resources by Susan Labiste . For questions regarding the UWB/CC Plant Tour, contact Sarah at severlin@uw.edu. Flowers are small and inconspicuous, appearing before the leaves. The Oregon Ash is especially susceptible to attacks from aphids, and its foliage is commonly consumed by butterfly larvae including the Pale Swallowtail, Two-tailed Swallowtail, and Western Tiger Swallowtail butterflies. Ethnobotany Workshop Teaches Traditional Uses of Plants Your Land. University of Washington Press. 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